Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a common form of talk therapy, also known as psychotherapy. Patients attend a limited number of sessions with a licensed therapist or psychotherapist to help take hold of negative thoughts or behaviours and address challenging situations and in turn, to develop skills and strategies to become and stay healthy.
This form of psychotherapy is based on several core principles, including:
The practice of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) stems from the belief that how a patient perceives events determines their actions, and not necessarily the events themselves. For example, someone with depression might feel as if there is no solution to a negative situation. These low thoughts might cause them to only fixate on negative thoughts and block out any others that suggest otherwise.
Many therapists approach cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in different ways with their patients, depending on the individual’s goals and personalities. Using a structured approach, psychotherapy practitioners may employ a variety of different therapeutic techniques, including:
In a way, this form of psychotherapy helps train patients to become their own therapists. Therapist and patients work together in a collaborative way to help the individual develop coping skills, alter their thinking, address past traumatic events in the past, and tackle problematic behavior.
Melissa Cutler has spent the past 20 years helping Toronto patients through cognitive behavioural therapy treatment to get to the root causes of conflict and emotional distress, and veer away from destructive behavior patterns, and change their thought processes.